Prescription Drug Abuse in Philadelphia PA (267) 443-1826

Prescription drugs consist of substances containing psychoactive properties which have high potential for abuse. Many people who abuse these drugs originally starting using prescription drugs from a doctor's prescription due to illness or injury. Many of these people become addicted to these substances resulting in prescription drug abuse. Some turn to illegal methods of getting prescription medications. Prescription drug abuse treatment programs at rehab centers in Philadelphia help patients overcome their abuse and addiction through medical detox and both traditional and alternative forms of therapy.

Common Drugs of Abuse

Opioid medications are prescribed for chronic pain: morphine, codeine, hydrocodone, oxycodone

Sedatives are prescribed for anxiety and sleeplessness: alprazolam, diazepam, lorazepam, eszopiclone, zaleplon, zolpidem

Stimulants are prescribed for hyperactivity disorders and sometimes obesity: dextroamphetamine, methylphenidate, amphetamines

Signs and Symptoms of Prescription Drug Abuse

Opioid drugs:

  • constipation
  • depression
  • low blood pressure
  • suppressed breathing
  • disorientation
  • excessive sweating

Sedatives, anti-anxiety medications:

  • insomnia
  • confusion
  • unsteady gait
  • poor judgment
  • dizziness
  • memory loss

Stimulants:

  • weight loss
  • anxiety
  • irritability
  • insomnia
  • high blood pressure
  • heartbeat irregularities
  • restlessness
  • impulsiveness

Drug Abuse Facts: The DEA Schedule of Drugs

According to the DEA, prescription drugs fall into Schedules II through V classifications. Schedule I drugs have no approved medical use, even under medical supervision. This list gives an idea where popular drugs fall.

Schedule II (High potential for abuse leading to psychological or physical dependence, considered dangerous) includes:

  • Hydrocodone (Vicodin)
  • Concerta
  • Methadone
  • Hydromorphone (Dilaudid)
  • Meperidine (Demerol)
  • Oxycodone (OxyContin)
  • Percocet
  • Fentanyl
  • Dexedrine
  • Adderall
  • Ritalin

Schedule III (Moderate to low potential for physical and psychological dependence) includes:

  • Products with less than 90 milligrams of codeine per dose (Tylenol with codeine)
  • Suboxone

Schedule IV (Low potential for abuse and low risk of dependence) includes:

  • Xanax
  • Soma
  • Darvon
  • Darvocet
  • Valium
  • Ambien

Schedule V (Lower potential for abuse than Schedule IV) includes:

  • Cough preparations with codeine (Robitussin AC),
  • Lomotil
  • Motofen
  • Lyrica
  • Parepectolin

Treatment for Hydrocodone Abuse

Hydrocodone addiction requires a medical detox to relieve withdrawal symptoms and maintenance medication to maintain sobriety.

Medications used in hydrocodone detox:

  • Buprenorphine to relieve withdrawal pain
  • Nalaxone to reverse opioid overdose
  • Naltrexone to block the brain's opioid receptors
  • Methadone to help the transition to abstinence by mimicking some effects of hydrocodone.

Treatment for Opiates Abuse

Opiates addiction needs a medical detox to alleviate withdrawal symptoms and maintenance medication to maintain sobriety.

Medications used in opiates detox:

  • Suboxone to fill the brain's opioid receptors without euphoric effects, minimizes withdrawal symptoms and also used as a maintenance drug
  • Xanax is used for panic attacks, agitation and anxiety and relieves symptoms of opiates withdrawal overall with calming and sedating effects.

Drug Abuse Health Risks

Prescription drug abuse carries numerous health risks including:

  • Opioids: Choking, low blood pressure, repressed breathing, stopped breathing, drowsiness, coma, death
  • Sedatives: Memory problems, low blood pressure, repressed breathing, stopped breathing, coma, death
  • Stimulants: High body temperature, heart palpitations, elevated blood pressure, seizures, tremors, hallucinations, aggressiveness, hostility, paranoia, insomnia, weight loss

Getting Help

Prescription medication addiction is treatable. Philadelphia Drug Treatment Centers can help you with your search for rehab centers. Give us a call today at (267) 443-1826 for more information.

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